The scientific collaboration between Israel and Italy began with a comprehensive agreement for scientific and cultural collaboration signed in 1971 in Rome. The first scientific collaboration agreement between Israel and Italy was signed in 1975, between Israel’s National Council for Research and Development (which later became the Ministry of Science and Technology) and the CNR Italian National Council for Research; and it included the exchange of scientists and conferences of the two countries. In June of 2002, the collaboration agreement was renewed between Italy and Israel with an emphasis on industrial, scientific and technological research and development. Following an agreement signed between Italian and Israeli presidents, the two countries decided to triple the designated sum for scientific collaboration between them and this decision was ratified in the Italian Parliament in June of 2009. The increase in budget enables the designation of its stake in the academic research activity between scientists from universities and research institutes in the two countries, without the need for an industrial partner. In Israel, the Ministry of Science and Technology spearheads the academic program that involves extensive collaboration between the countries.
In recent years, each party has allocated a budget of € 800,000 per year for research studies operated as part of this program. In total, each year, eight new joint projects are funded. The fields of the calls for proposal change from year to year based on the decisions of the joint committee that meets once a year and discusses the progress of the collaboration.
Alongside an increase in the budget earmarked for scientific and research collaboration, the Italians decided to participate in the funding of the agreements between Israeli and Italian institutions. For example, the Italians signed agreements to fund joint research laboratories at the Technion, Ben Gurion University and the Weizmann Institute. In 2016, an agreement was reached for the Ministry of Science and Technology to join this activity. In 2017, a call for proposal is scheduled to be announced for a joint research laboratory in the field of medical bio-robotics, with funding totaling €200,000 to be provided by the Ministry. In 2018, a call for proposal is scheduled to be announced for a joint research laboratory in the field of microgravitation. In the field of space, there are close work relations between the Israel Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency; and the agencies are exploring various possible options for space collaboration.
Conferences and Events
In a joint meeting between Italy and Israel in 2017, a decision was reached to coordinate between the scientific consultant in the Italian embassy in Israel and the Ministry of Science on subjects related to conferences and to promote a list of joint scientific conferences.
Consequently, the following conferences are scheduled for 2017:
||Subject of the Conference
||Ministry of Science
||Novel Nano-technologies and Nano-materials for Cleantech Applications
||Ministry of Science
||Conservation and Preservation of Art
||Italian Ministry of Health
||Tele neurology and Teleneuro-rehabilitation
||Italian Ministry of Defense
||Robotics, dual use Exoskeleton and Artificial Intelligence